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Uplistsikhe

Uplistsikhe - ancient cave city that people have left recently.

Near Gori on the banks of the Kura is a rock, a rugged man-made caves, barely noticeable at first glance.


The city started to build At the end of the II millennium B.C. and left little more than a hundred years ago.


Uplistsikhe translated from Georgian as "the fortress of God."

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The numerous temples were originally pagan. Prior to the IV century the city was a center of worship of the supreme deity of the sun and other pagan gods, and played a crucial role in the cultural and religious life of ancient Georgia.

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At year 337, Immediately after the adoption of Christianity in Georgia, The persecution of priests and people of pagan Uplistsikhe have begun. The temples were partly destroyed, partly rebuilt to the needs of the new religion, and the city of cultural and religious center tunred into a regular fortress and the monastery.

In the Middle Ages Uplistsikhe repeatedly moved from one conquest to another, which did not contribute to its prosperity. At different periods of time, city was occupied by Arabs, Armenians, Seljuks, Ottomans.

In the XIII-XIV centuries mongols reached Uplistsikhe.On their raids the city suffered the most: destroyed walls, and the city ceased to be such in fact.


When it again became Georgian, Uplistsikhe went fully operational only Uplistsuli church was functionating. A cave constructions are used only as a temporary shelter residents of nearby villages in an emergency.


During the heyday of Uplistsikhe there were more than 700 structures for various purposes, and the population reached 20 thousand. Survived to our times only 150 caves but rugged steps, gutters and rock altars of the Kura River.

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