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Traditions & Culture

"Guest - messenger of God" - says the Georgian proverb.

For centuries the people of Georgia were famous with their tradition of hospitality. From generation to generation the love and boundless respect for the guest loyalty duties host a traditional feast. As a result, Georgian culture has formed the high culture of hospitality. For guest decided not to regret the very best. According to Georgian folk poetry, hospitality is more valuable than bravery, courage and skill of using weapon. Georgian folklore idealizes hospitable, generous host, blames stingy.

At the same time great attention is paid to morality of the guest. Guest must be discreet, modest and amiable man. According to the Georgian tradition of hospitality, guests at the entrance shot gun and handed the owner or senior in the family. With this moral behavior guest instilled confidence in itself, expressing their loyalty and respect for the owner. This meant the arrival of the family with good intentions, with peace and friendship.

"Alaverdi"

The tradition of saying "Alaverdi" before there was a toast in honor of the famous Georgian prince. If Georgia to someone during a toast say the word - this person will be required to deliver a return toast.

Culture of Georgia - Georgian traditions of symbiosis, European and Middle East. Since ancient times, Georgia was the source of culture, science, theosophy, philosophy, poetry and art of the whole region. While coming to Georgia, Turkey and the neighbors were Persian kingdom, the Georgian state was closer in spirit to Europe. No wonder the XIX century was marked by a significant rise of Georgian culture, the emergence of a wealthy Georgian literature and the development of science.

Painting

Due to the surviving paintings VII - XIII centuries Ateni Zion, Bethany, Gelati Monastery, Kintsvisi, now known for certain about the cultural glories of medieval art in Georgia. The whole world knows the names of great artists who have made an enormous contribution to the culture of Georgia - Lado Gudiashvili, Elena Akhvlediani, David Kakabadze Sanadze Cornelius, Simon Virsaladze, Nico Pirosmanishvili (Pirosmani), Catherine Bagdavadze, Sergey Kobuladze and Gigo Gabashvili. The Art of Georgia, so gracefully, that with a special refinement and sophistication combines traditional Georgian and European schools. No wonder that the Georgian sculptor Zurab Tsereteli, Irakli Elguja Amashukeli Ochiauri made ​​a significant contribution not only to the culture of Georgia, but also in world heritage.

Literature and the Arts

The early monuments of Georgian literature belong to the V century B.C. Many leading names of the time made ​​an invaluable contribution of Georgian culture and national literature (poetry and prose): Shota Rustaveli (XII century). With the epic poem "The Knight in the Panther's Skin"; Sulkhan Saba Orbeliani - the author of a glossary of the Georgian language (1716), Akaki Tsereteli, Alexander Kazbegi, Mikhail Javakhishvili, Ilia Chavchavadze, Nico Lordkipanidze, Galaktion Tabidze, Konstantine Gamsakhurdia and Anna Kalandadze (XX century). Nikoloz Baratashvili with the poem "Merani", Vaja Pshavela with 40 epic works ("The Wedding dandy", "Guest and his master," etc.), Gamsakhurdia's novel "The right hand of the great master"; Tabidze: the poem "Mtatsminda Moon and Wind." Most of these works have been translated into several languages ​​and are recognized as masterpieces of literature and culture of Georgia.

Cinema

Cinema came to Georgia in the early XX century. (1st movie filmed in 1912), which put the culture of Georgia on a par with the developed European countries. Georgian cinema has gained international recognition through the master filmmakers: Otar Iosseliani ("Favorites of the Moon"), Eldar Shengelaya (Film "Shirekilebi"), George Chkheidze ("Pirosmani"), Tengiz Abuladze ("The Wishing Tree", Trilogy "The Prayer", "Repentance").

Music

Georgian folk music exists for more than 15 centuries, perfectly combining tradition culture of Georgia, east and west. Choral polyphony of the Georgians is based on close to each other tones. Often the usual Georgian song is sung in three voices. Culture of Georgia has raised the masters, eminent pianist Eliso Virsaladze and Alexander Toradze, singer Nani Bregvadze, Paata Burchuladze, violinists Liana Isakadze and Marina Iashvili. National Symphony Orchestra of Georgia is well known abroad.

Famous Georgian composer, who made a significant contribution to the culture of Georgia: Arakishvili Dimitri (1873-1953) created a lyrical opera in 1919, "The Legend of Shota Rustaveli." Meliton Balanchine (1862-1973 biennium) - author of the 1st Georgian opera "Treacherous Tamara", he wrote the 1st songs on the Georgian language. Gia Kancheli - a modern composer, the composer of the opera "Let there be music", several symphonies and concerts, as well as wrote the music to a huge number of films and performances. Paliashvili Zachary (1871-1933), one of the pillars of Georgian culture, the author of the operas "Abesalom and Eteri" and "Daisi" Kvernadze Bidzina (born in 1928) - author of choral, symphonic and piano music, some songs, music for movies, ballet, opera and drama performances.

Theater

The dramaturgy of Georgia dates back to the middle of the XIX century. due to its progenitor - a major theatrical figure, writer and translator - George Eristavi (1811-1864). Currently in Georgia, more than 30 operating theaters. The most valuable for the culture of Georgia are: Academic Opera and Ballet Paliashvili Theatre, State Academic Drama Shota Rustaveli Theatre, the State Drama Academic Marjanishvili Theatre, State Russian Drama Griboedov Theatre, State Music V. Abashidze Theatre, Tbilisi State Marionette Theatre and State Puppet G. Mikeladze Theatre

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