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                       Mtskheta - ancient capital of Georgia

When you are in Tbilisi it's impossible not to visit Mtskheta. The main spiritual shrines are located in Georgia, twenty kilometers from Tbilisi.

Here lives a lot of legends, and history is scattered as monuments and ruins.

Mtskheta is located at the confluence of the Kura and Aragvi rivers at a distance of 21 km north from Tbilisi. According to an old chronicle of David Bagration, the city was founded by the legendary king Mtsehotosom, son of the first ruler of Kartli, in the second half of the I century B.C. and was the capital of the state Karlti (Iberia) to V century B.C.

One of the most famous temples in Georgia is Svetitskhoveli, which is centrally located in Mtskheta. Patriarchal Cathedral in Mtskheta was built in 1010-1029 years. architect Arsukisdze bulit it.


About the name Svetitskhoveli - "Life-giving Pillar," says the old tradition. Ostensibly a rabbi, a resident of Mtskheta, being in Jerusalem, saw the crucifixion and went home with chitons Christ. His sister, who became a Christian and died as soon as touched the tunic, and was buried along with chitons. On her grave grew a Lebanese cedar, from which it was decided to bulit a church over the grave of a dead Christian. Cedar was cut down, it was carved out of seven columns, six of them were installed in the church and the Seventh hung in the air. St. Nino, enlightener, the first preacher of Christianity in Georgia, she prayed all night, and then post "no human hand touch" into place. This column stream myrrh, myrrh and cured patients. Thus the temple got its name.

Tradition says that the temple bulit by the architect Arsukisdze, caused envy among his teachers, slandered the master, and his right hand had been cutted. Above the central arch of the cathedral, placed the relief of a hand holding bracket, and the word "servant of God's hand Arsukidze. Remember." (This is narrated in the novel by K. Gamsakhurdia "Hand of the Great Master").

Georgian kings are buried here, including Vakhtang Gorgasali, Irakli II, George XII. The graves are located close to each other, so that you can not set foot, not to be one of them.



Opposite Mtskheta, on the hill at the confluence of the Kura and Aragvi is one of the most outstanding monuments of medieval Georgian architecture temple Jvari (Monastery of the Holy Cross, VI century). "From the mountains, and now sees a pedestrian gate pillars collapsed, the towers and the church set ..." - so I saw Jvari glorified him Mikhail Lermontov (the poem "The Novice").

Surprisingly, the tiny monastery Jvari has almost no greater impact than the giant Svetitskhoveli. Touching the rough stone walls, you feel something unexplainable.

Jvari was built over the ruler of eastern Georgia, a wooden cross raised on Mount St. Nino

Temple Jvari - the most popular monument in Georgia. He stands on the edge of the cliff. It is impossible to imagine a landscape without Jvari Mtskheta. The temple filled with brilliant simplicity, calmness, restraint and harmony.

© 2011 EVRIKA

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