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Kutaisi

The ancient city was first mentioned in chronicles in the VI-III centuries. B.C. located at an altitude of 125 - 130 meters above sea level in western Georgia.
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Kutaisi was the capital of the Colchis kingdom since 806 year where the residence of the royal family Bagrationi situated. In 1122 residence of the Georgian kings moved to Tbilisi, freed from the Seljuk Turks. In the XV century Imereti region was separated from Georgia as an independent kingdom and Kutaisi became the capital city of Imereti kingdom.

In the city of Kutaisi, there are elements of medieval architecture with old streets and alleys. Rioni River divides the city into two parts, the right bank (the older) and the left bank, the more modern part of town. Both parts of the city of Kutaisi combine unique structure and beauty of the bridges, giving the city a unique flavor.

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Right-bank part of the Kutaisi are low 1 - 2 storey houses, brick or white stone, with glazed verandas. They are built on steep mountain slopes, as if hovering over each other.


Kutaisi - the location of UNESCO World Heritage Site - Gelati Monastery and Cathedral of Bagrat. Having been in Kutaisi, and not to visit these ancient monuments, tourist attractions which are truly unique, it is simply impossible.


                                                 Gelati


Gelati Monastery, founded in 1106 by David the Builder, it was a center of spiritual and scientific life of Georgian Medieval and burial place of Georgian kings. It's located 11 km from the city of Kutaisi and is protected by UNESCO as a cultural and historical heritage of the world.

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Under the general title of Gelati integrated whole complex, which consisted of an ancient monastery, belfry, the church and the academy. It was a rich library in Gelati, the academy taught and conducted research activities, many enlightened men of his time.

The main structure of the complex is the church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin.
In the XII-XIV century monastery has been the property of the royal house. King David gave his vast landed estates, gave countless treasures - the trophies of his victorious wars against external enemies.
King David was ordered to arrange a monastery in the tomb for members of the royal family. Here are buried almost all the kings of united Georgia Demetre I, Giorgi III, David the Builder. Anyone who enters a monastery, is forced to tread on David the Builder grave.


                                          Bagrat Temple

This majestic cathedral towering above Kutaisi, and it can be seen from anywhere in the city.

Bagrat Temple was built in X-XI centuries, during the reign of Georgian Bagrat III (975-1014 years) - the founder of the great family of princes Bagrationi. Only ruins survivdes of the temple, which lie on a hill near Kutaisi Ukimerioni. The temple was consecrated in honor of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, is the entire palace and temple complex, cultural and religious center of the time in which there were all the significant events of the time, focused the whole intellectual life of the state. The cathedral was not only a spiritual purpose, but also a symbol of united Georgian people. And it also has an explanation: in the XI century in the church Bagrat David the Builder was crowned - the king, uniting the whole of Georgia in one centralized state.
The temple remained intact until the XVII century (when it is destroyed by the Turks) remained for whole walls, part of the arches and chancel. Because of this there has been decided to resume the service in the open air.
                                              Motsameta

This is a small, very beautiful monastery with round towers, crowned with spiky tented domes. The monastery stands on the river Rioni and very green vegetation. The monastery is built on the site where Muslim invaders executed Georgian princes David and Constantine Mkheidze who refused to accept Islam.

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Not far from Kutaisi is Satapla Park, artfully hidden in the mountains. It's famous for large karst cave with an underground river, stalactites and stalagmites, as well as the Plateau of dinosaurs with these traces of ancient reptiles, printed in large stones.

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